Archives for posts with tag: Internet
dpla

Digital Public Library of America

Ebook Friendly’s Piotr Kowalczyk provides an updated list of sites that offer free public domain books in electronic and audio format. Piotr writes:

Every year new publications enter public domain. That means their intellectual property rights have expired or are not applicable any longer. The content of these works becomes available for public use. Anyone is free to use it – but also to reuse it, for instance publish a new edition. Therefore you may find in major ebookstores (Kindle, Nook, Kobo, iBook Store, or Google Play Books) public domain books that are not free. My advice is that if you want to get an ebook version of a classic novel like Pride and Prejudice, you should first check out the sites listed below. Browsing the ebookstore where you have an account is a next step, if you don’t find what you’re looking for.

Here’s a sampling of sites provided:

1. Project Gutenberg – Project Gutenberg is a top destination for free ebooks on the web. It’s [the] first ebook initiative in the world, established by Michael S. Hart in 1971.

2. Europeana – Europeana offers access to millions of digitized items from European museums, libraries, and archives.

3. Digital Public Library of America – DPLA is aimed at giving universal access to digital resources of American libraries and archives.

4. Internet Archive – The website is a huge repository of text, audio and video files, including public domain titles. You can browse and read online over 5 million books and items from over 1,500 collections.

5. Open Library – The site is a project of the Internet Archive and is intended to create “one web page for every book ever published.”

pexels-photo-302655

Photo by Erkan Utu, CC0 license, via Pexels

Beyond Search, which is a a 10-year-old publication that focuses on enterprise search and content processing, is changing its focus to cover products and services related to voice-centric information access by introducing a new blog, Beyond Alexa. Stephen E. Arnold writes: “The idea is that Alexa has become an interesting product niche, but the impact of voice-related information access is now changing rapidly. Frankly it is more dynamic than the decades old keyword search business.” I couldn’t agree more. He also states: “Since early 2008, we have tracked the keyword centric approach to finding and making sense of information. Our changing focus reflects the fact that I wrote about years ago in Searcher Magazine. Keyword search linked to a keyboard, if not dead, was headed for marginalization…We think there’s more ‘beyond’ Alexa. We want to explore the new world of ubiquitous and Teflon-slick information access.” For a related post, please see Voice Search is Growing and is Different Than Keywords in a Search Box.

An interesting new Pew Research Center survey finds that a majority of Americans feel that information overload is a not problem for them and that they “are comfortable with their abilities to cope with information flows in their day-to-day lives.” In addition, owners of more devices “feel more on top of the data and media flows in their lives.” Findings also suggest that information overload is more situational: “Specific situations may arise, such as when institutions impose high information demands on people for transactions, which create a sense of information burden for some Americans.”

pi_2016_12_07_information-overload_0-01

Here is a really great Infographic that shows how search engines like Google and Bing work in 2016 from SEO Book. This quote is excellent: “The philosophy of modern search has thus moved away from starting with information and connecting it to an audience, to starting with the user and customizing the result page to them.”

How Do Search Engines Work?

Online Marketing Graphic by SEO Book

NPR’s Guide to 2015’s Great Reads is not only informative, but is also visually a delight. The Guide is produced by Nicole Cohen, Rose Friedman, Petra Mayer and Beth Novey. When landing on the site, you can scroll to look at all 260 titles via their book covers. Filters can be used to explore the 260 titles that “NPR staff and critics loved this year.” (You can also combine filters!) These filters represent 29 categories. Hovering over the cover shows a quote from the recommender and a link to the full recommendation. Here are a few interesting business/technology related titles not seen (as much) on other lists:

television-is-the-new-television-the-unexpected-triumph-of-old-media-in-the-digital-age

“Only a world-class iconoclast would take on media’s biggest slab of conventional wisdom: that television will soon be killed by digital platforms.” – recommended by Eric Deggans, critic, Arts Desk

 

 

 

the-dark-net-inside-the-digital-underworld

“The Dark Net is a meticulously researched and reported look at the hidden world of cryptocurrency, anonymous Web browsing and online subcultures.” – recommended by David Eads, Visuals staff

 

 

 

thing-explainer-complicated-stuff-in-simple-words

“Randall Monroe — the former NASA roboticist behind the beloved xkcd webcomic — breaks down complex stuff into simple terms … really simple terms.” – recommended by Beth Novey, Arts Desk staff

 

 

 

i-know-how-she-does-it-how-successful-women-make-the-most-of-their-time

“Laura Vanderkam is a best-selling productivity author with four children, and her book is a bracingly practical corrective to the hand-wringers about women, success and having it all.” -recommended by Anya Kamenetz, blogger, NPR Ed

 

Image Credit: Michael Reeve, under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license

Image Credit: Michael Reeve, Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 license

Nikhil Sonnad, a reporter for Quartz, has written a great article that details how the creators of the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (SEP) have solved the problem of “how to provide authoritative, rigorously accurate knowledge, at no cost to readers.” The online SEP was launched in 1995 by Edward Zalta (Stanford’s Center for the Study of Language and Information). Zalta, in a paper written in 2002, succinctly stated the main challenge when providing information via the information age:

A fundamental problem faced by the general public and the members of an academic discipline in the information age is how to find the most authoritative, comprehensive, and up-to-date information about an important topic.

This statement illustrates “if the goal is to share with people what is true, it is extremely important for a resource to have all of these things. The three requirements the authors list—’authoritative, comprehensive, and up-to-date’—are to information what the “impossible trinity” is to economics.”

Basically, where other encyclopedias fall short:

  • Printed books are authoritative, but not up-to-date, nor comprehensive
  • A crowdsourced online encyclopedia is timely, but not authoritative, nor comprehensive
  • The question-and-answer wiki, or “crowdsourced + voting” model is slightly more authoritative, but not as up-to-date, nor comprehensive

For the SEP to achieve authority, subject editors, responsible for broad areas, identify the topics that need to be covered. Qualified philosophers are then invited to write entries on those topics. An executive editorial board ensures that the encyclopedia is comprehensive. Each entry is expected to “contain the freshest possible information and research on a topic.” In four years, or earlier if needed, the author is expected to provide a new, updated entry.

Stanford pays for most of the costs. Contributors donate their time for several reasons, the main one being to simply “further the enterprise of philosophy by creating a place to better understand it.”

According to Nielsen‘s latest Cross-Platform Report, “Americans spent more time than ever before looking at all kinds of screens.” Statista’s Felix Richter posted this interesting chart.

Infographic: People Spend More Time Looking at Screens Than Ever | Statista

You will find more statistics at Statista